¿Cómo te sientes hoy?
You probably found a few words for each of these, but I am certain that for each of these you found at least one word that ended in "se". (The words you might have found that end in "se" are: despertarse, levantarse, quejarse, sentarse, afeitarse, lavarse, ducharse, bañarse)
In Spanish there is a group of verbs known as "reflexives". These are verbs that have the "se" attached to the end of them, and this group can be divided into three categories:
First, look at the verb as two separate
pieces. Remove the "se" and you are left with an infinitive that
you can probably manipulate. For example, say you looked up "bathe"
and found bañarse. Take away
the "se" and you are left with bañar.
Treat "bañar" like a regular AR verb.
In the present tense it will be baño, bañas,
baña, bañamos, bañáis, bañan.
(It is also regular in all other tenses, too.) Now you have to deal with
the "SE". In almost all situations,
you are going to take the "SE" and put it in front of the verb*. (Click
here to see when it might not go in front of the verb.)
The only tricky part then is that you have to make sure it (the
agrees with the subject. Use the following chart to see which pronoun
matches is used with which subject: Make
a note of this in your notebook.
*The reflexive pronoun is actually an object pronoun. Therefore it signifies who is receiving the action. In the case of all reflexive verbs, unless it is idiomatic [like quejarse], this means the subject does the action to him/herself.
So, our final (present tense indicative)
conjugation of "bañarse" is:
If you mix up the pronouns, you can make some interesting sentences, or ones that are just totally wrong. For example:me baño
So, you can see that use of the correct reflexive pronoun is important.
You have been using one reflexive construction since you started your study of Spanish. You should have used it when you opened this page. ¿Cómo te llamas? > Me llamo....(don Carlos) Comes from llamarse- to call oneself. We use the queston to ask someone's name, but its pure meaning is "How do you call yourself?" "I call myself..." Sentirse is another reflexive construction meaning "to feel". So ¿Cómo te sientes? > Me siento...(feliz, enojado, etc.) = How do you feel? > I feel...(happy, mad, etc.)
yo (despertarse [ie])
tú (acostarse [ue])
mi madre (lavarse)
mi padre y yo (acordarse [ue])
mis hermanos (sentarse [ie])
mi hermana (desmayarse)
mi tío y yo (esconderse)
mis amigos (despedirse [i])
Go check your answers.
To practice some more, and to see what
you know, do the activities at studyspanish.com
Of course, you need to take the test and have the results sent to me.
despierto, te acuestas, se lava, nos acordamos (Did you
remember that there is no stem-change in nosotros?), se sientan,
me voy, se desmaya, te colocas, nos escondemos, se despiden