Telling your friends and family members what (and what not) to do
I thought we already did commands. What is this?
As you know there are two ways of using the second person in Spanish- formal (Ud./Uds.) and familiar (tú/vosotros). When we did mandatos formales, we studied commands for Ud. and Uds. Now we need to look at the commands as if we were talking familiarly- tú y vosotros.
Are they different?
Sí, but relatively easy to remember
if studied and practiced. Unlike the formal commands which had only
one form for the affirmatie or negative command, the familiar commands
have two forms- one for the affirmative, and another for the negative.
For the most part, you already know the actual words- this will just be
a new use of these forms.
We'll start with "tú" commands. This is the more important of the two categories, because it's the one you will be tested on in AP and SAT II tests. The vosotros, as you know, is often replaced anyway with Uds.
Let's say you just saw the movie El
Rey León. After Mufasa dies and Simba is alone with him
in the canyon, Scar approaches Simba and tells him, "Huye, Simba.
Y nunca regreses." These are commands,¿verdad? Scar
tells Simba what to do. But if we look at them we see they are different,
one is affirmative- huye - and the other is negative - [nunca] regreses.
What forms of the verbs are these? Aren't they words you have already
ejemplo: No está hablando. > ¡Habla!
Ahora, vamos a practicar con mandatos negativos. This time tell your child not to do what s/he is doing. Remeber- it's a totally different form.
tirando comida. > ¡No
There are some verbs, as there almost always are, that are irregular. The good news is that the only irregularities come in affirmative commands. All negative commands use the subjunctive form- no exceptions.
You reviewed these years ago in a dance unit, see if they are familiar. There is no way but practice and memorization to remember these.
chiste malo: ¿Qué le dices a Franklin si quieres hablarle pero él está al otro lado del cuarto? respuesta
These require some study and memorization. I suggest you make flash cards for these irregular verbs. I guarantee that these will be on the AP exam! They always are.
Some common commands
you have probably seen or heard- What do they mean?
*In most spoken Spanish, "anda" (instead of "ve") is usually used when telling a friend to go somewhere.
Fill-in the sentences below with a verb from the list above that makes sense. Don't repeat any!
Habla + le + Háblale.
Compra + lo = Cómpralo.
Lava + te = Lávate.
Paquito is doing the wrong thing. Whatever Paquito is doing, tell him to do the opposite. If he is not doing something, tell him to do it. Sentences are in the third person (él), you need to change them to affirmative or negative "tú" commands.
Mandatos para «vosotros»
This section is informational,
and you may wish to go through it just to be familiar with the forms, in
case you ever see them. You will probably not be tested on these
in AP or SAT II exams, but it's good to see what they are.
¡Preparadlo! ¡Robadle! etc.
No duermas, No juegues con tus vegetales, No veas la tele, No busques caramelos, No vayas por la puerta, No bebas gasolina, No leas revistas malas, No digas mentiras, No luches contra el perro
ven, ten, sal, di, sé, haz, ve, pon
aféitate, no te laves, báñate, no te acuestes, vístete, no te cepilles los dientes, despiértate